Nov 112013


Don’t Forget To THANK A VETERAN!

Learn a little more about VETERAN’s Day!




Veterans Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Veterans Day (disambiguation).
November 11th, 2013
Veterans Day 2013

Veterans Day 2013

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Veterans Day



Veterans day.jpg

Joseph Ambrose, an 86-year-old World War I veteran, attends the dedication day parade for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in 1982, holding the flag that covered the casket of his son, who was killed in the Korean War
Observed by United States
Type National
Date November 11
Next time 11 November 2014
Frequency annual
Related to Veterans Day, Memorial Day




Veterans Day is an official United States holiday that honors people who have served in armed service, also known as veterans. It is a federal holiday that is observed on November 11. It coincides with other holidays such as Armistice Day and Remembrance Day, which are celebrated in other parts of the world and also mark the anniversary of the end of World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, when the Armistice with Germany went into effect.) Veterans Day is not to be confused with Memorial Day; Veterans Day celebrates the service of all U.S. military veterans, while Memorial Day is a day of remembering the men and women who died while serving.[1] Most sources spell Veterans as a simple plural without a possessive apostrophe (Veteran’s or Veterans’).


U.S. President Woodrow Wilson first proclaimed Armistice Day for November 11, 1919. In proclaiming the holiday, he said

“To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations.”[2]

The United States Congress passed a concurrent resolution seven years later on June 4, 1926, requesting that President Calvin Coolidge issue another proclamation to observe November 11 with appropriate ceremonies.[2] A Congressional Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U.S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holiday: “a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as ‘Armistice Day’.” In 1945, World War II veteran Raymond Weeks from Birmingham, Alabama, had the idea to expand Armistice Day to celebrate all veterans, not just those who died in World War I. Weeks led a delegation to Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, who supported the idea of National Veterans Day. Weeks led the first national celebration in 1947 in Alabama and annually until his death in 1985. President Reagan honored Weeks at the White House with the Presidential Citizenship Medal in 1982 as the driving force for the national holiday. Elizabeth Dole, who prepared the briefing for President Reagan, determined Weeks as the “Father of Veterans Day.” U.S. Representative Ed Rees from Emporia, Kansas, presented a bill establishing the holiday through Congress. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, also from Kansas, signed the bill into law on May 26, 1954.[3] Congress amended this act on June 1, 1954, replacing “Armistice” with “Veterans,” and it has been known as Veterans Day since.[4][5] The National Veterans Award, created in 1954, also started in Birmingham. Congressman Rees of Kansas was honored in Alabama as the first recipient of the award for his support offering legislation to make Veterans Day a federal holiday, which marked nine years of effort by Raymond Weeks. Weeks conceived the idea in 1945, petitioned Gen. Eisenhower in 1946, and led the first Veterans Day celebration in 1947 (keeping the official name Armistice Day until Veterans Day was legal in 1954). Although originally scheduled for celebration on November 11 of every year, starting in 1971 in accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, Veterans Day was moved to the fourth Monday of October. In 1978, it was moved back to its original celebration on November 11. While the legal holiday remains on November 11, if that date happens to be on a Saturday or Sunday, then organizations that formally observe the holiday will normally be closed on the adjacent Friday or Monday, respectively.



Because it is a federal holiday, some American workers and many students have Veterans Day off from work or school. When Veterans Day falls on a Saturday then either Saturday or the preceding Friday may be designated as the holiday, whereas if it falls on a Sunday it is typically observed on the following Monday. A Society for Human Resource Management poll in 2010 found that 21 percent of employers planned to observe the holiday in 2011.[6] Non-essential federal government offices are closed. No mail is delivered. All federal workers are paid for the holiday; those who are required to work on the holiday sometimes receive holiday pay for that day in addition to their wages. Free meals for Veterans are offered in many fast food and casual dinner restaurant chains. In his Armistice Day address to Congress, Wilson was sensitive to the psychological toll of the lean War years: “Hunger does not breed reform; it breeds madness,” he remarked. [7] As Veterans Day and the birthday of the United States Marine Corps (November 10, 1775) are only one day apart, that branch of the Armed Forces customarily observes both occasions as a 96-hour liberty period.


Veterans Day

While the holiday is commonly printed as Veteran’s Day or Veterans’ Day in calendars and advertisements (spellings that are grammatically acceptable), the United States government has declared that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling.[8]

See also

Veterans Day 2013 Poster






  1. Jump up ^ Kelber, Sarah Kickler (28 May 2012). “Today is not Veterans Day”. Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  2. ^ Jump up to: a b “The History of Veterans Day”. United States Army Center of Military History. 3 August 2009.
  3. Jump up ^ Carter, Julie (November 2003). “Where Veterans Day began”. VFW Magazine (Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States).
  4. Jump up ^ “History of Veterans Day”. United States Department of Veterans Affairs. 2007-11-26. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
  5. Jump up ^ “The History of Veterans Day”. United States Army Center of Military History (CMH). 2003-10-03. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
  6. Jump up ^ Society for Human Resource Management (November 4, 2010). “2011 Holiday Schedules SHRM Poll”.
  7. Jump up ^ Smith, Andrew F. (2007). The Oxford companion to American food and drink. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. p. 290. ISBN 0-19-530796-8. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  8. Jump up ^ Sherry, Kristina (2007-11-09). “Apostrophe sparks Veterans Day conundrum”. Columbia Missourian.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Veterans Day.



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Nov 102013


238th Marine Corps Birthday Message;

Enduring fortitude, unfailing valor


United States Marine Corps
HQMC / November 10th, 2013
Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. James F. Amos
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett


Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. James F. Amos, and the Sgt. Maj. of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett

Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. James F. Amos, and the Sgt. Maj. of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett



It is that wonderful time of year again (10 November), where ALL DEVIL DOGS, current and former look around for a fellow Marine to say…


The year 2013 has brought us the 72nd Anniversary (7 December 1941) of the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the 70th Anniversary of Marines landing on Tarawa, the 45th Anniversary of the Battle of Hue City,and the 12th Anniversary (11 September 2001) of  the Attacks on the World Trade Center, Pentagon & Field in Pennsylvania!

These events bring forward in our memories the Most Tragic and Horrific Terrorist Attacks on U.S. soil in United States history.

Socrates once said: “Ordinary people seem not to realize that those who really apply themselves in the right way to philosophy are directly and of their own accord preparing themselves for dying and death”.

Since 1775, the United States Marine Corps has made the world a safer and better  place to live by doing just that.

I wished to share some of my favorite quotes & terms about the United States Marines…

** President Ronald Reagan said in 1985,
>>> Some people spend an entire lifetime wondering if they made a difference in the world. But, the Marines don’t have that problem!






** RAdm.”Jay” R. Stark, USN; 10 November 1995 said,
>>> “Marines I see as two breeds, Rottweilers or Dobermans, because Marines come in two varieties, big and mean, or skinny and mean.  They’re aggressive on the attack and tenacious on defense. They’ve got really short hair and they always go for the throat.”





** Karen Aquilar, in the U.S. Embassy; Mogadishu, Somalia, 1991 said,
>>> They told (us) to open up the Embassy, or “we’ll blow you away.” And then they looked up and saw the Marines on the roof with these really big guns, and they said in Somali, “Igaralli ahow,” which means “Excuse me, I didn’t mean it, my mistake.”





** Major General James Mattis (USMC), said to Iraqi tribal leaders in 2004,
>>> “I come in peace, I didn’t bring artillery.  But I am pleading with you with tears in my eyes:  If you fuck with me, I’ll kill you all.”




** Thomas E. Ricks; Making the Corps, 1997 said,
>>> “The United States Marine Corps, with it fiercely proud tradition of excellence in combat, its hallowed rituals, and its unbending code of honor, is part of the fabric of American myth.”




I can honestly say that there is no truer calling than to be a United States Marine!


There is only one thing in this world that I hold near and dear to my heart…. Family, which includes every United States Marine (which, I too am proud to claim “The Title”).

This which has always been and will continue to be one of my most cherished accomplishment.


Here is the video from the Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. James F. Amos, and the Sgt. Maj. of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett, speaking to Marines and sailors about the timeless Marine qualities of courage and perseverance.

** 238th United States Marine Corps Birthday Tribute Video



As a final note, in history, as always there is a war on somewhere in the world and the UNITED STATES MARINES are ALWAYS there to PROTECT THOSE WHO CANNOT PROTECT THEMSELVES!

“SEMPER FIDELIS” or “Semper Fi” as it has come to be known, is the Marines motto and it means “Always Faithful”!

 I have always believed this to be true.

 SEMPER FIDELIS… is a Way of Life!!

And with VETERAN’s DAY tomorrow ( 11 November )…

I also wish to say Thank You for their sacrifice and eternal dedication to”DUTY, HONOR, COUNTRY”.

As to my cousins in other branches of the armed services, I also send best wishes for a safe tour and GODSPEED home to your families.

“FAIR WINDS and FOLLOWING SEAS” to all my brothers, sisters & cousins of the Armed Services!


G.E. Investigations, LLC
Certified & Licensed Private Detective
NRA Certified Firearms Instructor
NRA Certified RTBAV Instructor
“Giving you… Just the Facts!”
Semper Fidelis!
“Assisting you in those times of EXIGENT CIRCUMSTANCES…
When Waiting Isn’t an Option!”

Nov 062013


This Sunday the 10th of November 2013 is the U.S. Marine Corps 238th Birthday!

This Monday the 11th of November is Veteran’s Day!



Remember: The U.S. Marine Corps' Birthday & Veteran's Day!

Remember: The U.S. Marine Corps’ Birthday & Veteran’s Day!



Oct 242013

Families of Beirut bomb victims mark 30th anniversary of first major terrorist attack on US


Fox News
by Cristina Corbin
October 23, 2013


The Beirut Memorial in the Lejeune Memorial Gardens in Jacksonville, N.C. (Courtesy: United States Marine Corps).

The Beirut Memorial in the Lejeune Memorial Gardens in Jacksonville, N.C. (Courtesy: United States Marine Corps).



It was Oct. 21, 1983, when the parents of Lt. William Scott Sommerhof received a letter from the 25-year-old Marine serving in Beirut, who wrote of his excitement to be returning home soon and who had already begun his Christmas shopping.

Two days later, Sommerhof and 240 other U.S. military personnel  were killed when suicide bombers detonated two trucks of explosives at military barracks in Lebanon in the first major terrorist attack against the U.S. The attack was the deadliest day for the United States Marine Corps since the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II, and produced the highest death toll for the U.S. military since the first day of the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War.

For the families of those killed, three decades and many more terror attacks have not diminished the memory of soldiers and sailors who paid the ultimate price in the savage bombing that ushered in an age of terror.

“He was an angel, he truly was,” Jocelyn Sommerhof, of Evansville, Ill., said on the thirtieth anniversary of her son’s death. “Even from the time he was a little boy, he looked up to the military.”

IGNORED HEROES: Families of Beirut bomb victims mark 30th anniversary of first major terrorist attack on US

IGNORED HEROES: Families of Beirut bomb victims mark 30th anniversary of first major terrorist attack on US

At 6:22 a.m. on Oct. 23, a 19-ton, yellow, Mercedes-Benz stake-bed truck made its way toward the Beirut International Airport, where the U.S. 24th Marine Amphibious Unit was deployed. The driver, an Iranian national named Ismail Ascari, drove onto an access road leading to the compound, accelerating at great speed before crashing into a wire barrier separating the parking lot from the building. 

The truck continued to barrel through the compound, eventually crashing into the lobby of the building that served as the barracks for the 1st Battalion 8th Marines. The force of the blast collapsed the four-story building, killing many instantly and crushing others inside. In all, 220 Marines, 18 sailors and three soldiers died. Another 58 French paratroopers were also killed in the attack.

The forces were part of a multinational team of American, British, French and Italian soldiers who were sent to Beirut to assist the Lebanese Armed Forces during the Lebanese Civil War. Their deployment followed massacres by militiamen at two refugee camps.

The bombings were blamed on the Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah, which is backed by Iran. At the time, President Reagan called the attack a “despicable act,” although no perpetrators were ever brought to justice. The U.S. pulled out of Lebanon in 1984 after a Pentagon commission found the military lacked the training and expertise to deal with the terror threat.

 In 2004, Condoleezza Rice, then the national security advisor, told the 9/11 Commission that the Beirut attack was what started the U.S. long-running war on terror.

“The terrorist threat to our nation did not emerge on Sept. 11, 2001,” Rice said. “Long before that day, radical, freedom-hating terrorists declared war on America and on the civilized world. The attack on the Marine barracks in Lebanon in 1983, the hijacking of the Achille Lauro in 1985, the rise of Al Qaeda and the bombing of the World Trade Center in 1993, the attacks on American installations in Saudi Arabia in 1995 and 1996, the East Africa bombings of 1998, the attack on the U.S.S. Cole in 2000. These and other atrocities were part of a sustained, systematic campaign to spread devastation and chaos and to murder innocent Americans.”

Still, some believe the Beirut attack has been forgotten as new acts of terror have occurred in the intervening years.

“I’d like to think that people will always remember this day,” Sommerhof said, “Because it was the first horrific act of terrorism that this country ever faced.”

Survivors, family members and supporters have long lobbied for an official postage stamp commemorating those who died in the attack. To date, the U.S. Postal Service and the Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee have not agreed, although a private vendor stamp created by the group is approved for use as postage by the USPS.

At Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, in Jacksonville, N.C., military officials marked the anniversary Wednesday morning with a ceremony at the camp’s Beirut Memorial. The special ceremony also honored other fallen service members and survivors who served in Lebanon from 1958 to 1984 and in Grenada. Gen. James F. Amos, commandant of the Marine Corps, was the featured speaker.

For Sommerhof, such recognition of her son’s service helps keep his memory alive.

“He was a good student and fun loving,” Sommerhof said of her son, who graduated the University of Illinois, where he went through the school’s ROTC program. She said her son, who went by “Scott,” admired two uncles who had long served in the military. 

“They were heroes to him,” she said.

Boston Herald: ‘Nine lovely trees’ pay tribute to Marine valor


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Oct 172012

Remembering a Fallen Brother & Hero… LAPD officer serving in Afghanistan is killed by roadside bomb

SWAT team member Robert J. Cottle, a Marine Corps reservist, is the department’s first member to die in post-9/11 combat. He previously had served two tours in Iraq.


Los Angeles Times
By Jill Leovy and Joel Rubin
Published: March 26, 2010



Fallen Marine SgtMaj / LAPD SWAT Officer Robert J. (RJ) Cottle


The Los Angeles Police Department on Thursday mourned its first officer to be killed in combat in Afghanistan after a roadside bomb took the life of a highly regarded SWAT team member.

Marine Corps Reserve Sgt. Maj. Robert J. Cottle, 45, and a 19-year-old Marine were killed while traveling in the Marja area of southern Afghanistan’s Helmand province, on the Pakistani border. The region has been the focus of an intense U.S.-led offensive against Taliban forces, said LAPD Capt. John Incontro, who oversees SWAT operations.


The funeral service for LAPD Officer Robert J. Cottle, killed March 24 in Afghanistan while on Marine Reserve duty, is held at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles.


The Marines’ armored vehicle struck a roadside bomb Wednesday, killing Cottle and Lance Cpl. Rick Centanni and seriously wounding two others, according to police sources and media accounts.

A veteran of two tours in Iraq, Cottle had deployed to Afghanistan in August and was scheduled to return home this summer. He leaves a wife and 8-month-old daughter.

More than two dozen LAPD officers serve as active military reservists. The department recruits many officers from the military, and leaves for military duty are routine. But until now, the LAPD had lost no one to conflict in Iraq or Afghanistan.

Lanky, blue-eyed and brown-haired, Cottle “loved being a police officer,” said LAPD Chief Charlie Beck.


LAPD Police Chief Charlie Beck hands the flag to Cottle’s widow, Emily, and daughter, Kaila Jane. ( Mark Boster / Los Angeles Times / April 13, 2010 )


Cottle became an officer in 1990 and joined the elite SWAT unit six years later, Beck said. He called Cottle “an effective and compassionate” officer and “a great human being.”

He was “almost the absolute stereotype Marine,” said LAPD Capt. Phil Tingirides. “He was one who talked about God and country and he really meant it.”


Marines fold the flag draped over Cottle’s casket. ( Al Seib / Los Angeles Times / April 13, 2010 )


Cottle grew up in Whittier and San Diego, said his sister Bonnie Roybal, 49, of Whittier. As a child, he was bowlegged and had to wear leg braces for more than two years, but he grew into an avid runner and athlete, she said.

“He was made fun of as a kid, and he ended up proving them wrong,” Roybal said.

A high-energy teenager, his rambunctious exploits and unimpressive grades led him first to military-style camp, then to the Marines at age 18, and finally to the LAPD, she said.

“He didn’t have any pretenses or airs. With Robert, what you saw was what you got,” Roybal said.

That direct gaze and knack for effortless conversation were traits that served him well as a police officer. But he never lost the taste for adrenaline that first brought him to the LAPD.

“My brother has always lived his life on the edge. He was into risk-taking, wanted to live an extraordinary life” — and did, his sister said.


Bonnie J. Roybal holds a photo of her brother, Marine Corps Reserve Sgt. Maj. Robert J. Cottle, 45, who was killed in a roadside bombing in the Marja area of southern Afghanistan’s Helmand province, on the Pakistani border. He is the Los Angeles Police Department’s first officer to be killed in combat in Afghanistan. (Allen J. Schaben / Los Angeles Times)


Cottle’s LAPD assignments took him to the Hollywood Division’s vice squad, the Southeast Division in the early 1990s — one of the most violent locales in the nation at that time — then to a tactical dive team trained to combat terrorist attacks at the Port of Los Angeles.

“He was the kind of guy who, when he spoke, you listened. He only spoke when it was important,” said LAPD Cmdr. Rick Jacobs.

But if Cottle was “the most serious guy when the situation called for it,” he could also be light-hearted, said LAPD Sgt. Steve Weaver, a longtime friend.

He shifted instantly from solemn military bearing to being “the funniest guy in the room,” Weaver said. He made colleagues laugh “just from the inflection of his voice.”

A mix of law enforcement and military dedication suffused Cottle’s life. He peppered his speech with Marine lingo, and wore Marine T-shirts with his LAPD friends. But on base, among his military friends, he switched to LAPD gear.


U.S. Marines at the funeral for LAPD officer and fellow Marine Robert James “R.J.” Cottle at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels on Tuesday. ( Al Seib / Los Angeles Times / April 13, 2010 )


Cottle surprised his family by marrying at 43, shifting his focus from constant training and weekend ice hockey games to family.

Fellow SWAT officers recalled a friend who stood out for the intensity he brought to the job, and the care he showed for other officers.

Incontro remembered the night in 2008 when another SWAT officer, Randall Simmons, was killed during a prolonged standoff. After Simmons was rushed to a hospital, Cottle went from one SWAT officer to the next, helping to calm them and keep them focused on the still-unfolding situation, Incontro said.

Cottle was a sergeant major in the Marine Corps Reserve — the top enlisted position — with the 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, based at Camp Pendleton. Among his citations was the Combat Action Ribbon for having been under fire and returning fire.

At Camp Pendleton, his death was announced Thursday during a ribbon-cutting ceremony for a $13-million facility to train Marines to detect improvised explosive devices.


Detail of the boot in the stirrup of a riderless horse in the funeral. ( Al Seib / Los Angeles Times / April 13, 2010 )


With emotion, Brig. Gen. Rex McMillian, deputy commanding general of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, praised Cottle as a fine Marine who had shown leadership in a variety of assignments since joining the Marine Corps in 1983.

In addition to his wife, daughter and sister, Cottle is survived by his father, Kenneth Cottle of Villa Park; and mother, Janet Deck of Clearlake Oaks, Calif


Times staff writer Tony Perry contributed to this report

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Related Photo Journal of Fallen Marine Sgt Major and LAPD SWAT Officer Robert J. (RJ) Cottle:,0,7565607.photogallery